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Regular readers of my work since 2008 will have noticed my emphasis on inequality as the driver of social and political problems across the Western and developing worlds. Now in France we have a violent outpouring of anger, directed at regime change, no less. It is a revolutionary movement, arising out of a conflation of despair, anger and a sense of injustice.

Many of those protesting feel neglected, oppressed and dominated. They are not mostly Parisiennes, they have traveled in from the suburbs and the regions. For the most part they’re employed, but their incomes don’t meet their needs despite the exhaustion they feel from their work. This is as true for households where more than one adult is working as for those with a single earner. The traditional promise of being able to live off one’s income from full time work no longer holds true. It’s no longer possible for somebody to lead their life as they please, or to make their own choices. How can autonomy be achieved if the riches of society are shared so unfairly?

I don’t have access to figures from France, but this 2018 American review of who’s been getting pay rises since the 1970’s spells out the growth of inequality so clearly. Only the top 1% have done well. The rest are flatlining.

Who gets a pay riseThis is alarming enough: the rich are pocketing the lot! But ordinary folk are not contributing less; they are not earning less because they’re doing less, rather the opposite is true, their productivity is increasing while their pay is not:

Productivity and Pay growthAgain, these are US figures but the phenomenon of wage stagnation exists across the developed world. So people are producing more, working harder and/or smarter and  earning less. No wonder their rage is so strong!


  1. Like any discipline of sports activity, horse riding also requires particular outfits. It doesn’t imply that without the right gear of the rider, the horse is not going to canter, but the tradition, coziness, looks play a significant role in every disciplines. Especially horse riding, namely a discipline from distant history, has generated certain qualities through the years. Breeches are without a doubt one of these.

    Equestrian breeches, level of comfort, and tradition
    Equestrian breeches are extraordinary horseback riding clothing. Because they do not have seams on the inner section of the leg, namely in the spot where the rider’s leg meets the seat, they give ease and versatility of movements. This kind of method of stitching defends your skin from chafing, permits the rider to properly saddle the horse and travel for an extended time not having negative consequences. Breeches may be tight or puffed throughout the thighs, just like cavalry breeches.

    Currently, the most famous are firmer models of breeches, even so, there exists still a huge group of individuals preferring the cavalry product, e.g. saloons or jodhpurs, having straight or just a bit widening legs. The last design became preferred in the 19th century Britain due to Jodhpur maharajah playing polo in such trousers.

    Features that make breeches distinctive?

    Breeches are characterized by high waist and grip – short or long. A grip is an supplemental reinforcement with a level of suede, leather or silicon that goes far towards the knees or over the entire leg. This helps ensure better tackiness, gluiness, gumminess in the seat, having said that, the style of the breeches would depend on the rider’s choices.

    Full grip breeches possess this additional strengthening on the inside of the pants on the entire length of where the rider’s body suits the saddle – with the buttocks to calf muscles. This model is especially preferred among dressage riders, who want to ride at a trot or canter. By reason of reduced slippage and good adhesiveness, they make it easier to stay in the seat.

    Knee grip breeches have the strengthening on the inner section of the knees. This specific style is particularly well-liked by jumping riders as it ensures overall flexibility of movements even at the price of a minimal grip. It works at a trot and canter in half-seat.

    Materials for breeches
    In order for breeches to get as heavy duty as possible, they must be manufactured from top quality elements. Fabric is picked out for a given time of year, it is therefore appropriately breathable, isolating, quick-dry, and simple to clear. The material should be somewhat flexible and keep its composition even with several laundries.


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